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TitleOn the asymptotic and practical complexity of solving bivariate systems over the reals
Author(s) Dimitrios I. Diochnos, Ioannis Z. Emiris, Elias P. Tsigaridas
TypeArticle in Journal
AbstractThis paper is concerned with exact real solving of well-constrained, bivariate polynomial systems. The main problem is to isolate all common real roots in rational rectangles, and to determine their intersection multiplicities. We present three algorithms and analyze their asymptotic bit complexity, obtaining a bound of O_B ( N^14 ) for the purely projection-based method, and O_B ( N^12 ) for two subresultant-based methods: this notation ignores polylogarithmic factors, where N bounds the degree, and the bitsize of the polynomials. The previous record bound was O_B ( N^14 ) . Our main tool is signed subresultant sequences. We exploit recent advances on the complexity of univariate root isolation, and extend them to sign evaluation of bivariate polynomials over algebraic numbers, and real root counting for polynomials over an extension field. Our algorithms apply to the problem of simultaneous inequalities; they also compute the topology of real plane algebraic curves in O_B ( N^12 ) , whereas the previous bound was O_B ( N^14 ) . All algorithms have been implemented in maple, in conjunction with numeric filtering. We compare them against fgb/rs, system solvers from synaps, and maple libraries insulate and top , which compute curve topology. Our software is among the most robust, and its runtimes are comparable, or within a small constant factor, with respect to the C/C++ libraries.
KeywordsReal solving, Polynomial system, Complexity, maple software
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747717108001235
JournalJournal of Symbolic Computation
Pages818 - 835
NoteInternational Symposium on Symbolic and Algebraic Computation
Translation No
Refereed No